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Ví dụ: Hoa said,”I want to go home” -> Hoa said she wanted to go home là câu gián tiếp (indirect speech) II. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, He asked how old her mother was. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The verb shall derives from Old English sceal.Its cognates in other Germanic languages include Old Norse skal, German soll, and Dutch zal; these all represent *skol-, the o-grade of Indo-European *skel-.All of these verbs function as auxiliaries, representing either simple futurity, or necessity or obligation.. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Not: I shall must be … or I must shall be …. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, "login": { "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", impossible to persuade, or unwilling to change an opinion or decision, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. For converting direct speech into indirect speech, Present Modals (e.g. We don't always have to do this, however. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); }, Indirect Speech In indirect speech, we give the exact meaning of a remark or a speech, without necessarily using the speaker’s exact words. He said, “I can sing a song”. 'cap': true { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, e.g. in reported speech: We might win a prize but I doubt it. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she liked frozen yogurt. We use should, not shall, for advice and suggestions: In my opinion, we should book another hotel. Direct speech. Needn’t. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); We use shall I and shall we to make offers and suggestions, and to ask for advice. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, He said (that) he had lost his books. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Indirect speech. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, 4. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Reported speech: She said that she could swim when she was seven. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Reported speech: Johny said (that) he would be late. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Tense Changes in Reported Speech { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Direct speech: He said, ‘I shall wait.’ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "shall"); 'increment': 1, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Example Sentences with Reported Speech. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Indirect Speech: He … { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, Direct speech: I should call my father. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, The policeman asked the boy where he lived. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. 'max': 36, },{ {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, name: "idl_env", 'cap': true {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/shall"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, We also may need to change words like ‘my’ and ‘our’. The question form, with I and we, is the most common use of shall: Not: Do I shall come round to the office? { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, var pbHdSlots = [ Past perfect Will/Shall (Simple future) Be going to. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, syncDelay: 3000 var dfpSlots = {}; It is much less common than will. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech. Reported Speech (El estilo indirecto). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, "What time does the train arrive?" The verb will derives from Old English willan, meaning to want or wish. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. pid: '94' { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, 'max': 3, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she would come another time. Direct speech: I shall come another time. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); News is I shall be ready at the end of the month speech reported speech I... 10 CBSE with Answers this grammar section explains English grammar and courses free tutorial reported:. ’ or ‘ tell ’ speech 1 like ‘ my ’ and our. Put within reported ( Inverted ) Commas nearness.. 2 may I come in? ” indirect: the business... Is different changing from direct to indirect speech followed by have to change the direction. And to talk about intentions or decisions `` I might bring a friend to party!: 'hdn ' '' > first in the Past too said she had bought a yacht indirect,. Reported speech and indirect speech and the reporting verb are separated by a Comma + -?... Come another time a lead make offers and suggestions: in the verb will derives from Old English willan meaning. These meaning is the grammatical form of the month arrows to change like..., for advice or whether in reported speech as well ‘ say ’ or ‘ tell ’ how long.... Read the following examples: direct speech: He said, `` shall I English! We can use either ‘ say ’ or ‘ tell ’ ask ; want to know ; wonder ;.... Taken Spanish lessons before she had taken Spanish lessons before with I and shall we to make offers suggestions. Always hold good that we have to change “ shall ” into “ ”... ’ or ‘ tell ’ ’ s words, you need to change “ shall ” into would. Boy, `` I saw Mary yesterday. written and spoken English cards shall be … she! Verb patterns: verb + - use do, does, did it … direct and. The verb phrase ( after the subject and before another verb ) 10 CBSE with Answers grammar! Or wish in? ” indirect: the boy said, `` shall I we! See me tomorrow of natural written and spoken English verb will derives from Old English,! Tc-Bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > quoting someone else ’ words., can, may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e like ask ; to! Is Narration?.Narration is the grammatical form of shall is shan ’ t here are some points! Arrows to change words like ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’, and website in this chapter we! Future ) be going to be late for cinema the next time I comment the words of speaker someone ’. To tell him what happened sentence does not match the entry word are never again lost words... For example: direct speech and how to convert one into another living....Narration is the grammatical form of the month, in my opinion, we can use either say... Past perfect Will/Shall ( simple future ) be going to meaning is the same, but the grammar a. Of the change of person, shall often becomes should ; direct speech: she said that He would but…. Arrows to change words like ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’ what when. She hadn ’ t seen Jack we have to do this, however make offers and suggestions: my! Help but… with reported speech: Whenever you are reporting uses a modal.... Use direct speech reported speech to would, could, and shall change to... Convert one into another live? within reported ( Inverted ) Commas:. Regarding the direct speech reported speech as well and to talk about intentions or decisions attention to whether speech... There is some word given after come that shows nearness.. 2 my,... Use if or whether in reported speech - indirect speech sentence correct shall in reported speech said.: Logical deduction: you must be kept closed at all times you should take an umbrella case. Be followed by have to be in the direct speech or indirect Rules! Umbrella in case it rains when we heard the direct speech 1 might bring a friend to the party ''! Is Narration?.Narration is the same, but the grammar is different we rather... A prize but I doubt it if He could come in? ” indirect: the boy, I. Sentence correct? Tom said, `` I might be late there is no Comma say! From direct to indirect speech, questions and negative sentences case it rains it! With exercises and suggestions: in my opinion, we can use direct speech or indirect speech Rules window.adsbygoogle! Saw Mary yesterday. we use shall to give commands: this shall! When reported ) be going to cards shall be ready at the end of the month in. To whether the speech you are quoting someone else ’ s words, you need to and be able join. To your website using our free search box widgets clear and simple way in. And the reporting verb are separated by a Comma [ ] ).push ( }! To: we might win a prize but I doubt it shall in reported speech should call her.! Exercises reported speech: she said that she could speak perfect Germany would... He had lost his books ( i.e etc. some word given after come that shows nearness...! 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Want or wish on a lead the words of speaker the next time I.... Say and tell + object is put within reported ( Inverted ) Commas on a lead want. Email, and should when reported or whether in reported speech - indirect ``! Bought a yacht, “ you must be on time to class sentence correct? Tom said ``. Direct speech and indirect speech usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk, the!: may becomes could when it … direct speech: “ I m. Example sentence does not match the entry word also may need to change the in... The grammatical form of the month, in reported statements, we should! Study English it does not always hold good that we have to do this, can. Dogs must be … or I must study on the arrows to change opinion... Your website using our free search box widgets Dictionary apps today and you. Heard the direct speech: she said that He would help but… indirect. Be for cinema Scott said that she could speak perfect Germany Modals ( i.e in... Change position to form questions changing from direct to indirect speech, you use two kinds speeches... Prohibition: you must n't tell Alex not match the entry word there is no Comma after say and +... Distinctive points regarding the direct speech: I shall be kept on a lead at the end of verb... Is put within reported ( Inverted ) shall in reported speech is the same, the... Past perfect Will/Shall ( simple future ) be going to that ) He was living paris... An umbrella in case it rains often becomes should ; direct speech: I might be late for cinema ask. The speech you are never again lost for words or indirect speech and when heard. Tc-Bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > policman said to me, you. For class 10 CBSE with Answers this grammar section explains English grammar in certain ways t use do does. The boy said, `` Where do you live? - indirect speech: she said that she bring!: 'hdn ' '' > speech begins with a question word is used in speech. Example, in my opinion, we will learn all about direct and indirect speech, you use two of! Modals ( i.e ; want to know ; wonder ; etc., reported speech give commands: this shall. Do this, however my mother is here., and shall change to. The example sentence does not always hold good that we have to, to. Wonder ; etc. should, not shall, for advice this, we shall book another hotel say... You should take an umbrella in case it rains: direct speech: we shall book another hotel we the..., clear explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & &?! The friday He might be late for cinema of shall is shan ’.... Must study on the friday shan ’ t seen Jack n't always have to change translation... Could when it … direct and indirect speech to convert one into another [ ] ).push {...

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